British Expats Established Kenyan Farm Later Sold in Land Settlement Scheme

Waterford Farm: A story of land redistribution in post-colonial Kenya, as British settlers sold their farms to indigenous Kenyans through the Land Settlement Scheme.

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British Expats Established Kenyan Farm Later Sold in Land Settlement Scheme

Evening drives in the Maasai Mara were followed by sundowners. Photo credit: Hamish de Bretton-Gordon via The Telegraph.

Ena and Jimmy Power, British expatriates, established Waterford Farm near Nakuru, Kenya in 1947. The couple were part of a group of immigrants who came to Kenya after World War II to establish farms in the region.

The Powers developed Waterford Farm into a successful diversified agricultural enterprise, employing around 100 people. They also built a school and health center to serve their workers. However, with the uncertainties surrounding Kenya's independence in 1963, the Powers made the decision to sell their farm to the government's Land Settlement Scheme.

The Land Settlement Scheme was established to facilitate the peaceful transfer of land from settlers to indigenous Kenyans after Kenya gained self-rule. Many settlers, like the Powers, sold their farms to the scheme during the period from 1960 to 1976.

Why this matters: The story of Waterford Farm and its sale through the Land Settlement Scheme illustrates the complex land tenure issues in post-colonial Kenya. It highlights efforts to redistribute land more equitably to indigenous Kenyans after independence.

Today, Waterford Farm remains in local ownership, but much of the infrastructure and facilities established by the Powers, such as the spacious brick residence, can still be seen on the property. The farm serves as a reminder of Kenya's colonial past and the challenges of land reform in the years following independence.

Key Takeaways

  • Ena and Jimmy Power established Waterford Farm in Kenya in 1947 as British expatriates.
  • Waterford Farm was a successful diversified agricultural enterprise employing 100 people.
  • The Powers sold their farm to Kenya's Land Settlement Scheme before independence in 1963.
  • The Land Settlement Scheme facilitated the transfer of land from settlers to indigenous Kenyans.
  • Waterford Farm remains in local ownership, retaining the infrastructure built by the Powers.