Harnessing Plant Diversity to Tackle Global Challenges: Special Issue Invites Research

Researchers are invited to submit papers on harnessing plant diversity to address global challenges like food security and climate change. The Special Issue will explore plant genetic diversity, breeding, and biotechnological innovations to develop resilient crops and ensure sustainable agriculture.

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Aqsa Younas Rana
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Harnessing Plant Diversity to Tackle Global Challenges: Special Issue Invites Research

Harnessing Plant Diversity to Tackle Global Challenges: Special Issue Invites Research

Researchers are invited to submit papers to the second volume of a Special Issue focused on harnessing plant diversity to address pressing global challenges such as food security, climate change, and population growth. The issue will explore plant genetic diversity, breeding, and biotechnological technologies as potential solutions.

Why this matters: The ability to harness plant diversity to address global challenges has significant implications for ensuring food security and mitigating the effects of climate change. By developing resilient crops and improving agricultural productivity, researchers can help support the needs of a growing population and promote sustainable development.

Plant diversity plays a crucial role in ensuring food security worldwide. Crops like potato serve as major non-cereal food sources and income generators for small-scale growers in regions like Punjab, Pakistan. However, improper fertilization practices have led to low crop yields. Jackfruit trees are economically valuable in Uganda but face threats from deforestation and genetic erosion. Rice bean, an underrated legume adaptable to diverse climates, holds promise for supporting global food and nutritional security.

Climate change poses significant challenges to agricultural production. Abiotic stresses like waterlogging and salinity affect crop productivity and quality. The mechanisms of waterlogging tolerance in barley remain elusive, while the use of saline water under drought conditions is critical for sustainable development in arid regions. Soil salinization threatens the planting of vital crops like soybean.

Biotechnological advances offer new insights and solutions. Analyzing the transcriptome and ubiquitinome of granulated juice sacs in Guanxi pomelo provides understanding of the physiological disorder affecting fruit quality. Investigating the genetic mechanism behind the ornamental zigzag-shaped stem phenotype in tea plants using BC1 artificial hybrids opens new avenues. High-affinity potassium transporters (HKTs) facilitate potassium uptake and confer salt tolerance in plants by regulating K and Na homeostasis under salinity stress.

Plant breeding and genetic diversity are key to developing resilient varieties. Wild relatives of cultivated apples serve as ideal sources of diversity for breeding climate-adaptable varieties. Semi-dwarfing alleles, widely used in cereals, improve lodging resistance and assimilate partitioning. Sequencing the chromosome-scale genome of the emerging horticultural fruit crop Solanum muricatum lays the foundation, with its mitochondrial genome yet to be fully characterized.

The Special Issue aims to showcase cutting-edge research on harnessing plant diversity to tackle global challenges. By exploring genetic diversity, breeding strategies, and biotechnological innovations, researchers can contribute to developing resilient crops, ensuring food security, and adapting to a changing climate. The invited papers will provide valuable insights and solutions to support sustainable agriculture and meet the needs of a growing population in the face of pressing global issues.

Key Takeaways

  • Plant diversity is crucial for food security and climate change mitigation.
  • Improper farming practices and climate change threaten crop yields and quality.
  • Biotechnological advances can improve crop resilience and productivity.
  • Plant breeding and genetic diversity are key to developing climate-adaptable crops.
  • Research on plant diversity can support sustainable agriculture and global food security.