Palestine Question Central to Post-WWII International Legal Order, Argue Experts

The Palestine conflict remains a complex global issue, with the ICJ ruling against Israel and tensions escalating between Israel and Iran. The US faces criticism over its approach, as the conflict continues to impact human rights and regional stability.

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Muthana Al-Najjar
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Palestine Question Central to Post-WWII International Legal Order, Argue Experts

Palestine Question Central to Post-WWII International Legal Order, Argue Experts

The Palestine question has been a central issue in the post-World War II international legal order, according to Anisha Patels and Hassan Imran in an opinion piece published by Al Jazeera. The ongoing conflict between Israel and Palestine remains a key focus in global politics, with recent developments highlighting the complexities and challenges surrounding the issue.

In a significant ruling, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) ordered Israel to prevent any acts of genocide against the Palestinians and provide more assistance to suffering civilians. However, the court stopped short of ordering an immediate ceasefire as requested by South Africa. While Palestinians saw the proceedings as a victory and hoped for a binding order to halt the war, the ruling ultimately did not meet their expectations.

The ICJ's decision constitutes a legal setback for Israel, which had sought to dismiss the case brought under the genocide convention. Although the court did not rule on the core question of whether genocide has occurred in Gaza at this stage, a senior Hamas official described the ruling as an important development that contributes to isolating Israel and exposing its alleged crimes in the region.

Tensions between Israel and Iran have also escalated recently, with an apparent Israeli strike on Iran's consulate in Damascus and Iran's first-ever direct attack on Israel. The US State Department's annual human rights report found that the recent war between Israel and Hamas in Gaza has had a "significant negative effect" on human rights in Israel, citing allegations of arbitrary killings, enforced disappearances, torture, and unjustified arrests of journalists. However, the Biden administration has not yet determined that Israel has breached international law.

Why this matters: The Palestine question remains a critical issue in international relations, with far-reaching implications for regional stability, human rights, and the rule of law. As the conflict continues to evolve, the international community faces ongoing challenges in addressing the complex political, legal, and humanitarian aspects of the situation.

Advocates have raised concerns about potential double standards, arguing that the US has been more forceful in condemning the actions of countries like Russia while exercising greater caution in its criticism of Israel, a recipient of $3.8 billion in annual US military assistance. President Biden has threatened to condition support for Israel and insisted on concrete steps to protect humanitarian aid workers and civilians. Israel has denied allegations of deliberately causing humanitarian suffering in Gaza and has accused Hamas of using residential buildings for cover.

Key Takeaways

  • ICJ ordered Israel to prevent genocide against Palestinians, but stopped short of ceasefire.
  • ICJ's ruling is a legal setback for Israel, which sought to dismiss the genocide case.
  • Tensions between Israel and Iran have escalated, with an apparent Israeli strike on Iran's consulate.
  • US report found Israel-Hamas war had a significant negative effect on human rights in Israel.
  • The Palestine question remains a critical issue in international relations with complex implications.