UN Security Council Fails to Grant Full Membership to Palestine, US Vetoes Resolution

The UN Security Council failed to grant full membership to Palestine, with the US vetoing the resolution. This highlights the ongoing challenges in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and the US's continued support for Israel's position.

Muthana Al-Najjar
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UN Security Council Fails to Grant Full Membership to Palestine, US Vetoes Resolution

UN Security Council Fails to Grant Full Membership to Palestine, US Vetoes Resolution

The United Nations Security Council failed to adopt a resolution on Friday that would have granted full membership to the State of Palestine, with the United States vetoing the measure. The resolution, put forward by Algeria on behalf of Arab nations, received 12 votes in favor, with Switzerland and the United Kingdom abstaining.

Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas strongly criticized the U.S. decision, calling it a "blatant aggression" against the Palestinian people and the wishes of the global community. Abbas says the positions of the Biden administration have created "unprecedented anger" among Palestinians and in the region, potentially leading to greater instability and chaos.

The U.S. argued that the proposal to recognize a Palestinian state was a "reward for terrorism" and that the resolution did not reflect opposition to Palestinian statehood, but rather an acknowledgment that it can only come from direct negotiations between the parties. "Establishing an independent Palestinian state can only be achieved through direct negotiations, not at the UN," stated U.S. Ambassador to the UN Linda Thomas-Greenfield.

Palestine's current status at the UN is that of a non-member observer state, which was granted in 2012. The process for a country to become a UN member state requires agreement between the UN General Assembly and the Security Council. The Council must recommend admission, and the General Assembly must then hold a vote with a two-thirds majority to admit the new member.

Why this matters: The failure to grant full UN membership to Palestine highlights the ongoing challenges in resolving the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and achieving a two-state solution. The U.S. veto also demonstrates the significant influence of the U.S. in the Security Council and its continued support for Israel's position on the issue.

The push for full UN membership comes amid escalating tensions between Israel and Palestinian militants in Gaza, as well as Israel's expansion of settlements in the occupied West Bank. The head of Israel's military intelligence directorate, Maj. Gen. Aharon Haliva, resigned earlier this week over failures surrounding a deadly Hamas attack in October 2022, becoming the first senior figure to step down since the war began.

Djibouti's disapproval of the resolution reflects the broader sentiment among many nations in the Middle East, who have called for greater international support for Palestinian statehood and an end to the Israeli occupation. Turkish Foreign Minister Hakan Fidan urged the global community to oppose the U.S. veto, stating, "The international community must stand against this unjust decision and recognize the state of Palestine."

Key Takeaways

  • UN Security Council failed to grant full UN membership to Palestine.
  • U.S. vetoed the resolution, drawing criticism from Palestinian Authority.
  • U.S. argued direct negotiations, not UN, should determine Palestinian statehood.
  • Failure highlights challenges in Israeli-Palestinian conflict and two-state solution.
  • Global calls for recognizing Palestinian statehood and opposing U.S. veto.