Indian Researchers Develop AI Tool to Improve Fetal Health Diagnosis

Indian researchers develop AI tool Garbhini-GA2 to improve diagnosis of fetal abnormalities and estimate gestational age in pregnant women. The tool, installed in ultrasound machines, can accurately diagnose gestational age even in second-trimester scans.

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Indian Researchers Develop AI Tool to Improve Fetal Health Diagnosis

Indian Researchers Develop AI Tool to Improve Fetal Health Diagnosis

In a significant breakthrough, Indian researchers fromIIT Madrasand Translational Health Science and Technology Institute (THSTI) have developed an artificial intelligence tool, Garbhini-GA2, to improve diagnosis of fetal abnormalities and accurately estimate gestational age in pregnant women, especially during the second and third trimesters. This innovation is expected to reduce infant and maternal mortality rates, particularly among women who often discover their pregnancies late.

Why this matters: The development of Garbhini-GA2 has far-reaching implications for improving maternal and fetal health outcomes in India, where high infant and maternal mortality rates are a significant concern. By providing accurate gestational dating, this AI tool has the potential to reduce complications and adverse birth outcomes, ultimately saving lives.

In India, 30-40% of pregnant women come for their first scans in thesecond trimester, making it challenging for doctors to determine the exact due date. Garbhini-GA2, installed in ultrasound machines, can accurately diagnose gestational age even in scans carried out in the second trimester. The tool's primary function is to provide accurate pregnancy dating, which is crucial for managing pregnancy care and detecting potential complications.

Six hospitals in NCR, Assam, Gujarat, Telangana, and Puducherry are currently in talks with researchers to study the impact of the tool. The ultimate aim is to integrate Garbhini-GA2 into ultrasound machines for effective clinical deployment across the country. Himanshu Sinha, Associate Professor, Department of Biotechnology, IIT-Madras, explains, "If you want to know the stage of pregnancy and due date, the most accurate estimate will come from the first trimester scan." Dr. Shinjini Bhatnagar, Principal Investigator, GARBH-Ini programme, and Professor, THSTI-Faridabad, emphasizes the importance of accurate dating, stating, "Accurate dating allows obstetricians to schedule necessary scans and tests at the right time, ensuring that potential complications are detected and managed effectively."

The team is currently focusing on smaller hospitals, aiming to minimise problems of adverse birth outcomes where gestational dating is a significant issue, according to Dr. Ramachandran Thiruvengadam, Assistant Professor, Pondicherry Institute of Medical Sciences.

The Garbh-Ini initiative, introduced by the central government in May 2015, involved a study of women who were followed from early pregnancy to delivery and post-partum. This cohort formed the foundation for Garbhini-GA2, which was developed by feeding troves of data to a machine learning tool that can read ultrasound scans.

The development of Garbhini-GA2 marks a significant step forward in improving maternal and fetal health in India. By providing accurate gestational dating, even for women who seek prenatal care later in their pregnancies, this AI tool has the potential to reduce complications and adverse birth outcomes. As the researchers work towards integrating the technology into ultrasound machines across the country, it holds promise for enhancing pregnancy management and ultimately saving lives.

Key Takeaways

  • Indian researchers develop AI tool Garbhini-GA2 to improve fetal abnormality diagnosis and gestational age estimation.
  • Garbhini-GA2 can accurately diagnose gestational age even in second-trimester scans, reducing complications and adverse birth outcomes.
  • 30-40% of Indian pregnant women come for their first scans in the second trimester, making accurate gestational dating challenging.
  • Six hospitals are currently testing Garbhini-GA2, with plans to integrate it into ultrasound machines nationwide.
  • Accurate gestational dating can reduce infant and maternal mortality rates, particularly among women who discover their pregnancies late.