BJP Surges in Metro Cities as Congress Declines in 2019 Election

In India's 2019 Lok Sabha election, the BJP increased its vote share to 39% in 30 key metro city constituencies, while the Congress party's vote share fell to 18%. The BJP won 14 out of 30 metro seats, with Mumbai being the only city to record an increase in voter participation.

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Aqsa Younas Rana
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BJP Surges in Metro Cities as Congress Declines in 2019 Election

BJP Surges in Metro Cities as Congress Declines in 2019 Election

In India's 2019 Lok Sabha election, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) made significant gains in vote share across 30 key metro city constituencies, while the Indian National Congress saw a decline. The BJP increased its vote share to nearly 39% in these urban centers, which included Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Kolkata, Hyderabad, and Bengaluru. In contrast, the Congress party's vote share fell to just 18% in the same voting, biggest, data constituencies.

Why this matters: The BJP's growing popularity in India's major cities has significant implications for the country's political landscape, as these urban centers often set the tone for national trends. As India looks ahead to future elections, the BJP's performance in these crucial constituencies will be closely watched for signs of shifting voter sentiment.

The 2019 general election, held in April and May, resulted in the BJP-led National Democratic Alliance (NDA) forming the union government for a second consecutive term. Prime Minister Narendra Modi secured another five years in office following the NDA's decisive victory. The BJP's strong performance in India's major cities was a notable factor in the alliance's success.

The BJP's vote share in the 30 analyzed metro constituencies has steadily risen over the past decade, from 18% in 2009 to 32% in 2014, and now reaching 39% in 2019. Conversely, the Congress party's vote share in these cities has declined from 26% in 2009 to 15% in 2014, and marginally increasing to 18% in the latest election.

The six cities included in the analysis - Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Kolkata, Hyderabad, and Bengaluru - accounted for nearly 6% of all registered electors in the 2019 Lok Sabha election. The BJP emerged victorious in 14 out of the 30 metro seats, while the All India Trinamool Congress and DMK secured 8 and 3 seats, article respectively.

Voter turnout in these metro constituencies saw some notable changes compared to the 2014 election. Hyderabad witnessed the most significant drop, with a decline of nearly 4.8 percentage points. Delhi's voter turnout also decreased from 65.1% to 60.6%. Mumbai was the only city to record an increase in voter participation, rising from 51.5% to 55.4%.

The BJP's growing popularity in India's major cities has been a significant trend in recent elections. However, the party still faces challenges in some metropolitan areas, such as Kolkata, where it failed to secure a single seat in the 2019 election despite its overall success. As India looks ahead to the general 2024 Lok Sabha election, the BJP's performance in these crucial urban constituencies will undoubtedly be closely watched by political analysts and parties alike.

Key Takeaways

  • BJP's vote share in 30 key metro city constituencies increased to 39% in 2019.
  • Congress party's vote share in these cities declined to 18% in 2019.
  • BJP's popularity in urban centers sets the tone for national trends in India.
  • Voter turnout in metro constituencies varied, with Hyderabad seeing a 4.8% drop.
  • BJP's performance in urban areas will be closely watched in the 2024 Lok Sabha election.