Palestinian PM Mustafa Announces Reforms Amid Pressure to Revive Israel Talks

Palestinian PM announces reforms to strengthen the PA amid global pressure for revived Israel-Palestine talks, aiming to restore confidence and pave the way for meaningful dialogue.

Muthana Al-Najjar
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Palestinian PM Mustafa Announces Reforms Amid Pressure to Revive Israel Talks

Palestinian PM Mustafa Announces Reforms Amid Pressure to Revive Israel Talks

Newly installed Palestinian Prime Minister Mohammad Mustafa has announced a package of reforms aimed at strengthening the Palestinian Authority (PA) amid increased global pressure for a revival of political dialogue with Israel. Mustafa said his government would introduce measures to improve transparency and fight corruption, overhaul the justice system and security sectors, and improve public sector efficiency.

The reform pledges largely match promises previously made by Mustafa's predecessor, Mohammed Shtayyeh, who announced his resignation in February as the PA looked to build support for an expanded role amid Israel's war on Gaza following the October 7, 2023 attack on Israel led by fighters from the Hamas Movement.

The United States and other international partners have pressed the PA to implement sweeping reforms to restore confidence among Palestinians who have become deeply disillusioned with the body set up under the interim Oslo Peace Accords more than 30 years ago. The PA has been struggling with a severe financial crisis which has left most public sector employees receiving only part of their normal salary for the past two years, and the crisis has worsened since the start of the war as Israel has cut off some of the tax revenues it collects on the PA's behalf, accusing the Authority of supporting Hamas.

Why this matters: The reforms announced by the new Palestinian Prime Minister come at a critical juncture as the Israeli-Palestinian conflict continues to escalate and global pressure mounts for a revival of peace talks. The success of these reforms could play a key role in restoring confidence in the Palestinian Authority and paving the way for meaningful dialogue between the two sides.

In a meeting with Swedish Foreign Minister Tobias Billstrom, Mustafa discussed ways to strengthen the relief and humanitarian effort in the Gaza Strip, and to stop the "brutal aggression" against the Palestinian people in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including Jerusalem. The Swedish Foreign Minister congratulated Mustafa on the formation of the new government and confirmed his intention to visit Palestine soon to discuss developments in the situation and enhance cooperation.

The Palestinian Council of Ministers has approved a comprehensive reform plan covering 10 key areas, including promoting governance, transparency, and anti-corruption; improving the justice sector and rule of law; enhancing public sector efficiency; reforming the security sector; improving public services; reforming public finances; and strengthening the economic sector. Prime Minister Mustafa stressed the importance of these reforms in strengthening the Palestinian Authority and meeting the needs of the Palestinian people during this critical period.

Key Takeaways

  • New Palestinian PM announces reform package to strengthen PA amid global pressure.
  • Reforms aim to improve transparency, fight corruption, overhaul justice and security.
  • PA faces severe financial crisis, with public sector employees receiving partial salaries.
  • Reforms could restore confidence in PA and pave way for Israel-Palestine dialogue.
  • Palestinian Council approves comprehensive reform plan covering 10 key areas.