UN Security Council to Vote on Palestinian Statehood Bid Amid US Opposition

The UN Security Council to vote on Palestinian statehood bid, facing US veto; outcome could impact peace process and regional stability.

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Muthana Al-Najjar
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UN Security Council to Vote on Palestinian Statehood Bid Amid US Opposition

UN Security Council to Vote on Palestinian Statehood Bid Amid US Opposition

The United Nations Security Council is set to vote on Thursday on the Palestinians' application to become a full UN member state. The Palestinians revived their membership bid, which was first made in 2011, amid Israel's ongoing military offensive in Gaza.

The Palestinian push for full UN membership faces a major hurdle as the United States, Israel's closest ally, could use its veto power to block the Security Council recommendation. The United States has voiced opposition to full Palestinian membership, saying it backs statehood but only after negotiations with Israel. Israel's UN Ambassador has also strongly opposed the Palestinian membership bid .

The Arab Group has issued a statement affirming its "unwavering support" for the Palestinians' application, which they see as an essential step towards a just and lasting resolution of the Palestinian question. The Group is calling on all Security Council members to vote in favor of the draft resolution submitted by Algeria on behalf of the Arab Group.

However, a UN Security Council committee was unable to make a unanimous recommendation on whether the Palestinian Authority's application met the criteria for statehood. An application for full UN membership requires approval from the Security Council, where the US can veto, and then at least two-thirds of the 193-member General Assembly.

Why this matters: The Palestinian statehood bid at the UN highlights the ongoing struggle for Palestinian self-determination and the challenges in achieving a two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The outcome of the Security Council vote could have significant implications for the future of the peace process and regional stability.

US Ambassador to the UN Linda Thomas-Greenfield stated that the US does not believe a UN Security Council resolution recommending the Palestinian Authority become a full UN member would help lead to a two-state solution. "The United States supports a two-state solution and is working to achieve it," she said.

Little progress has been made on achieving Palestinian statehood since the Oslo Accords in the 1990s, with obstacles including expanding Israeli settlements. The Palestinian Authority, headed by President Mahmoud Abbas, exercises limited self-rule in the West Bank, while Hamas controls the Gaza Strip.

The vote on Thursday will coincide with a Security Council meeting scheduled to discuss the situation in Gaza, which ministers from several Arab countries are expected to attend. The UN has appealed for $2.8 billion to provide aid to three million Palestinians in Gaza, including food, sanitation, water, and health facilities.

Key Takeaways

  • UN Security Council to vote on Palestinian UN membership bid on Thursday.
  • US likely to veto the bid, backing statehood only after Israel-Palestine talks.
  • Arab Group affirms support for Palestinian application, calls for Security Council approval.
  • Outcome could impact peace process and regional stability, as progress on statehood stalls.
  • UN appeals for $2.8 billion in aid for 3 million Palestinians in Gaza.