China Strengthens IP System Amid Geopolitical Tensions

China strengthens its intellectual property system, granting 921,000 invention patents and approving 4,383 million trademarks in 2023. The country also enhances international cooperation, expanding its Patent Prosecution Highways to 32 countries.

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Aqsa Younas Rana
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China Strengthens IP System Amid Geopolitical Tensions

China Strengthens IP System Amid Geopolitical Tensions

China has made significant strides in building a robust intellectual property (IP) system, despite ongoing geopolitical and trade tensions. The country's efforts to refine the implementation of the Phase One agreement and engage with the US on IP laws were recently highlighted during a book tour by James Pooley, a renowned expert in the field.

Why this matters: The strengthening of China's IP system has significant implications for global trade and innovation, as it can impact the country's ability to attract foreign investment and protect intellectual property rights. A robust IP system can also have far-reaching consequences for the development of new technologies and industries, shaping the future of global competition and economic growth.

The China National Intellectual Property Administration (CNIPA) has introduced various measures to strengthen the country's IP system, with a particular focus on trade secrets. These measures include the revision of the Implementing Regulations of the Patent Law, as well as incorporating the revision of the Trademark Law and the Anti-Unfair Competition Law into the legislative plan of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress.

China's efforts to bolster its IP system have yielded impressive results. In 2023, the country granted 921,000 invention patents, a 15% year-on-year increase, and approved 4,383 million trademarks for registration, a 13% year-on-year increase. Additionally, 11,000 integrated circuit layout designs were registered, and 6,428 million and 2,495 million works and computer software registrations were reached, respectively, with a 42.3% and 36.0% year-on-year increase.

The country's progress in IP has garnered global recognition. According to the Global Innovation Index 2023 released by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), China now has 24 of the world's top 100 science and technology clusters, ranking first in the world for the first time.

China has also made significant strides in the transformation and exploitation of IP rights. The industrialization rate of invention patents in Chinese enterprises has exceeded 50% for the first time, maintaining growth for five consecutive years. The total amount of patent and trademark pledge financing registration reached 853.99 billion RMB, a 75% year-on-year increase, and the total annual import and export volume of intellectual property usage fees reached 376.52 billion RMB.

The protection of IP rights has been a key focus for China. The country now has a total of 112 national-level intellectual property protection centers and fast enforcement centers. In 2023, 44,000 cases of patent and trademark violations were investigated, and 68,000 administrative cases of patent infringement disputes were handled. Social satisfaction with intellectual property protection has increased to 82.04 points, reaching a new high.

China has also strengthened its international cooperation on IP. Two commemorative events for the 50th anniversary of China's cooperation with the WIPO were successfully held in Beijing and Geneva, reinforcing the collaboration between the two sides. The pilot project for Patent Prosecution Highways (PPH) has been expanded to 32 countries, facilitating the global protection of Chinese innovations.

As China continues to build a robust IP system, the country has launched a public service system for intellectual property data resources, with a total of 59 types of open data and 18 thematic databases. The software registration system has also completed a paperless transformation, with all applications now being processed online.

China's commitment to strengthening its IP system, despite geopolitical and trade tensions, demonstrates the country's determination to foster innovation and protect the rights of creators and inventors. With a focus on trade secrets and ongoing efforts to refine the implementation of international agreements, China is positioning itself as a global leader in the field of intellectual property.

Key Takeaways

  • China strengthens IP system, despite geopolitical tensions, to attract foreign investment and protect IP rights.
  • China granted 921,000 invention patents and approved 4,383 million trademarks for registration in 2023.
  • China ranks 1st in the world for science and technology clusters, with 24 of the top 100, according to WIPO.
  • China's industrialization rate of invention patents exceeds 50% for the first time, with a 75% year-on-year increase in patent and trademark pledge financing.
  • China strengthens international cooperation on IP, expanding Patent Prosecution Highways to 32 countries and launching a public service system for IP data resources.