The UN estimates $30-40 billion is needed to rebuild war-ravaged Gaza., report

The UN estimates $30-40 billion is needed to rebuild war-ravaged Gaza, with 37 million tons of rubble to clear and 79,000 homes destroyed. The conflict has claimed at least 34,596 lives and erased 44 years of development in Gaza.

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Aqsa Younas Rana
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UN Estimates $30-40 Billion Cost and Decades tohomes, rebuild, report

UN Estimates $30-40 Billion Cost and Decades tohomes, rebuild, report

The United Nations has released a stark assessment of the monumental task of rebuilding war-ravaged Gaza. The UN estimates that a staggering $30-40 billion will be required to reconstruct the Palestinian territory, with the effort potentially spanning several decades. The scale of destruction is staggering, with 37 million tons of rubble needing to be cleared before the rebuilding process can even commence.

Why this matters: The massive cost and effort required to rebuild Gaza highlights the devastating consequences of conflict and the urgent need for a lasting peace in the region. The success of this reconstruction effort will have significant implications for regional stability and the well-being of millions of people.

Abdallah al-Dardari, director of the UN Development Programme Regional Bureau for Arab States, emphasized the urgency and enormity of the situation, stating, "The level of destruction in Gaza is such that the required assistance to rebuild would be on a scale not seen since 1948." Even in the most optimistic scenario, where Israel allows five times as much construction material into Gaza as it did after the 2021 war, rebuilding, homes, cost, take, years, finds.

The war, live, extreme, levels, death, which began on October 7, has claimed the lives of at least 34,596 people in Gaza, predominantly women and children, according to the Hamas-run health ministry. Israeli official figures put the death toll at 1,170, mostly civilians. Beyond the devastating human toll, the conflict has erased 44 years of development, potentially reducing levels of health, education, and wealth in Gaza to those of 1980.

In addition to the 79,000 homes completely destroyed, another 370,000 have been damaged. Critical infrastructure, including schools, health facilities, roads, sewers, and water pipes, has suffered massive damage. The presence of unexploded ordnance further complicates the clearance of rubble, with more than 10 explosions triggered every week. Mungo Birch, head of the UN Mine Action Service (UNMAS) program in the Palestinian territories, highlighted the immense scale of the challenge, noting that Gaza has more rubble than Ukraine, despite the Ukrainian front line being nearly 1,000 kilometers long compared to Gaza's 40-kilometer length.

The UN has appealed for $100 million to start planning theof Gaza, despite ongoing hostilities and the absence of a clear plan for administering the territory. Al-Dardari stressed the importance of immediate action, noting that 2 million people are stranded without services, making it crucial to start planning and investing in reconstruction right away. However, the challenges extend beyond physical reconstruction, for the war has had a devastating socioeconomic impact on the Palestinian population.

The unemployment rate for Palestinians across the occupied West Bank, East Jerusalem, and Gaza has surged to 46% from about 26% after six months of war. Poverty rates in the Palestinian territories have more than doubled, rising to an estimated 57.2% from 26.7%, pushing 1.67 million Palestinians into poverty since the war began. The UN report warns that the effects of the war on Palestinians both in and out of Gaza "will be felt for years."

As ceasefire talks between Israel and Hamas continue, with proposals for a staged process that includes a six-week ceasefire, partial hostage release, and negotiations over a "permanent calm," the international community must rally to support the people of Gaza. The US and Egyptian mediators are actively involved in the talks, with US President Joe Biden and Secretary of State Antony Blinken emphasizing the need for a convincing grow, plan to protect civilians and sustain humanitarian deliveries to Gaza.

The rebuilding of Gaza will require a massive international effort and substantial funding. Birch estimates that the mine action sector alone will need hundreds of millions of dollars over multiple years to make Gaza safe again for the population. The UN's goal of rehousing people within three years is a daunting target, but one that must be pursued with urgency and determination. The humanitarian crisis in Gaza underscores the devastating consequences of conflict and the importance of working towards a lasting peace, a reality the UN report highlights.

Key Takeaways

  • The UN estimates $30-40 billion is needed to rebuild war-ravaged Gaza.
  • 37 million tons of rubble must be cleared before reconstruction can begin.
  • The conflict has claimed at least 34,596 lives in Gaza, mostly women and children.
  • 79,000 homes were completely destroyed, and 370,000 were damaged.
  • The UN appeals for $100 million to start planning Gaza's reconstruction.