Ukrainian Forces Struggle to Integrate Modern Tech as Russia Regains Momentum in 2024 War

Ukrainian forces struggle to integrate modern tech against resurgent Russia, despite $61B US aid. Analysts say Ukraine unlikely to launch major counteroffensive in 2024, must focus on holding lines.

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Rizwan Shah
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Ukrainian Forces Struggle to Integrate Modern Tech as Russia Regains Momentum in 2024 War

Ukrainian Forces Struggle to Integrate Modern Tech as Russia Regains Momentum in 2024 War

Ukrainian forces are facing significant challenges integrating modern technology in the trenches as Russia regains momentum in the ongoing war in Ukraine in 2024. Despite receiving a $61 billion military aid package from the United States, Ukrainian troops are struggling to hold their positions against a resurgent Russian offensive.

The U.S. aid package, which was swiftly signed into law by President Joe Biden on April 24, includes air defense capabilities, artillery rounds, armored vehicles, and other weapons to support Ukrainian forces. The U.S. has also secretly provided Ukraine with long-range Army Tactical Missile Systems (ATACMS) since February, which Ukraine has used to strike Russian military targets, including an airfield in Crimea.

However, the immediate effect of the U.S. military aid is anticipated to primarily help defend Ukrainian cities and defensive positions, rather than enable more ambitious goals such as retaking significant territory in a renewed counteroffensive this year. Russian forces have been taking advantage of the delay in U.S. aid, making incremental gains across the 600-mile eastern front and putting Ukrainian troops on the back foot.

Why this matters: The ongoing war in Ukraine has far-reaching implications for global security and the balance of power in Europe. The struggle of Ukrainian forces to integrate modern technology highlights the challenges of adapting to the rapidly evolving nature of modern warfare.

Ukrainian units are grappling with a shortage of personnel and ammunition, particularly 155mm artillery shells. In the strategic city of Chasiv Yar, Ukrainian troops are outgunned and outmanned, facing a barrage of Russian artillery and precision-guided glide bombs that are destroying buildings and forcing them to retreat. As one Ukrainian soldier noted, "We can only hold out for so long before the reinforcements arrive."

The war has largely become a war of attrition, with both sides struggling to maintain their positions and gain ground. Fewer than half of Ukrainians now believe their country can return to its pre-2014 borders, a significant drop from a year ago. The failed Ukrainian counteroffensive in 2022 has led to pessimism, especially in Russian-occupied areas.

While the U.S. aid is anticipated to provide a much-needed boost on the battlefield, analysts say Ukraine is unlikely to be in a position to launch a major counteroffensive this year and should focus on holding the lines and preparing for a counteroffensive in 2025. As the war enters its third year, the question remains whether the influx of modern technology and Western aid will be enough to help Ukraine turn the tide against a resurgent Russia.

Key Takeaways

  • Ukrainian forces struggle to integrate modern tech against resurgent Russia.
  • $61B U.S. military aid package aims to defend Ukraine, not enable counteroffensive.
  • Ukraine faces shortages of personnel, ammunition, and faces outgunned battles.
  • War of attrition, with Ukrainians losing hope of regaining pre-2014 borders.
  • Analysts say Ukraine unlikely to launch major counteroffensive in 2024, focus on holding.